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What Is Uninsured Motorist Coverage?

Understanding your protection options if you are in a car crash involving an at-fault driver with no auto insurance.

what is uninsured motorist coverage

You’ve been in a car crash. It wasn’t your fault. Your car is damaged, and you may need medical care. But, you’ve managed to come away in one piece. You feel grateful, until you find out the other driver has no insurance.

This is where uninsured motorist coverage comes in handy.

You’re probably asking, “What is uninsured motorist coverage?” Offered in addition to liability, collision or comprehensive coverage, uninsured motorist coverage offers you protection from an at-fault driver who has no automobile insurance coverage whatsoever.

Who doesn’t drive with insurance?

According to the Insurance Research Council, 1 in 8 drivers are traveling on the road without any type of vehicle insurance (yikes.) And, if you’re hit by a driver with no insurance – or worse, you’re the victim of a hit-and-run accident – you get stuck with the bill for vehicle damage, medical expenses, lost time at work and a host of unexpected, accident-related expenses.

This can also happen when an at-fault driver is underinsured. Underinsured motorist coverage offers protection when an at-fault driver doesn’t have enough insurance. It is sometimes bundled with uninsured motorist coverage. This varies by state.

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“An uninsured motorist is a driver that does not currently carry liability insurance coverage,” said Jodi DeSantis, managing director of insurance sales at AAA Northeast. “An underinsured motorist is a driver that does not carry enough liability insurance to cover the expenses after an accident.”

Some states require that all drivers purchase UM insurance. These states include Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Vermont, New York and Maryland. In other states, such as Delaware, UM is automatically included in drivers’ insurance policies, and dropping it requires that drivers reject the coverage in writing.

Vehicle insurance requirements vary broadly from state to state. But, here’s some food for thought: The Insurance Research Council reports that rates of uninsured motorists range from 4.5 percent in Maine to as high as 26.7 percent in Florida.

Fortunately, UM/UIM coverage typically costs less than 10 percent of your overall premium. Ask your insurance representative for a quote.

what is uninsured motorist coverage

Two types of UM/UIM insurance

There are two types of UM and UIM insurance: bodily injury and property damage.

“Uninsured motorist bodily injury coverage protects you, your household members and passengers if you are injured by a driver without liability coverage,” DeSantis said. This type of insurance compensates you for out-of-pocket costs from medical bills, funerals and loss of income.

Uninsured motorist property damage coverage pays for damage to your vehicle if it is damaged by a driver without liability coverage. Underinsured motorist coverage also protects against bodily injury and property damage. “An underinsured driver may have liability coverage, but their limit may not be enough to cover expenses after an accident,” DeSantis said.

Should I purchase uninsured motorist property damage coverage?

In some states, UM and UIM property damage insurance can overlap with collision coverage, which pays for damage to your car from an impact with an object or another vehicle. “If another motorist damages your vehicle, then collision coverage will pay for the damage to your vehicle, minus your deductible, whether the other party is insured or not; however, you may benefit from a lower deductible under the UM property damage coverage if this has been purchased,” said DeSantis.

Typically, uninsured motorist bodily injury coverage does not come with a deductible. However, a deductible may accompany your uninsured motorist property damage coverage. This varies by state.

Personal injury protection, or PIP, covers medical expenses for you and your passengers, including medications, surgery and rehabilitation. It also pays for lost wages and funeral

Drivers are required to have PIP coverage in no-fault states such as Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York, where insurers cover certain accident costs, within limits, regardless of who is at fault. For this reason, PIP is often referred to as no-fault insurance.

Medical payments coverage, or MedPay, covers medical bills for you and your passengers. Like PIP, it covers medical expenses such as ambulance rides, surgery and medications, although it is typically less comprehensive than PIP.

Regardless who is at fault, MedPay works quickly to pay medical costs, and may even cover the cost of your health-insurance or PIP deductible. MedPay is optional in every state except Maine and New Hampshire, where it is required when drivers buy car insurance.

MedPay can be used to supplement your health insurance, which can sometimes leave you with costly gaps in coverage following an accident. It can also serve as added protection in the case you do not have PIP insurance.

Does PIP or MedPay eliminate the need for UM/UIM bodily injury coverage? Possibly. It depends the level of coverage you have and on what state you live in. Be sure to go over any questions you have with your insurer.

Learn your auto insurance options and get a quote at AAA.com/Insurance. From auto to home and everything in between, AAA has you covered.

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