It’s no secret the Northeast is home to a lot of people with Irish ancestry. Whether you’re Irish or just a history buff, you can walk in the footsteps of immigrants and notable Irish-Americans at these Irish museums, heritage sites and memorials.
Irish Hunger Memorial
New York, N.Y.
There are many statues and memorials to the victims of the Great Hunger in the Northeast, but none are quite as striking as the Irish Hunger Memorial in Battery Park. Designed by sculptor Brian Tolle and landscape architect Gail Witter-Laird, the memorial is like a piece of Ireland right in the middle of Lower Manhattan. The memorial, which looks like a gentle, grassy slope, features soil and vegetation from West Ireland.
Among the grasses, flowers and moss, you’ll find stones from every Irish county and even the ruin of an authentic, famine-era Irish cottage. The cottage was donated by the Slack family, Brian Tolle’s extended relatives who remained in Ireland. From the top of the slope, you can even see Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty, reminding visitors of the journey that many Irish immigrants had to take to escape the ravages of the Great Hunger.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral
New York, N.Y.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral first opened its doors in 1879, and it remains the largest Gothic Revival Catholic cathedral in the country. Money for construction was donated by local immigrants and the children of immigrants – many of whom were Irish. It takes up a full city block in Midtown Manhattan and can accommodate 19,000 guests at a time.
A great way to experience St. Patrick’s Cathedral is through their audio tour. Just remember to be quiet and respectful, as it’s still an operating place of worship. While you’re in town, you can also visit St. Patrick’s Basilica on Mulberry Street, which was built between 1809 and 1815. Their catacomb tour is not to be missed.
New York, N.Y.
Ellis Island, which operated from 1892 to 1954, was the first stop in America for over 12 million immigrants, including over 3.5 million Irish immigrants. Annie Moore, a 17-year-old from County Cork, Ireland, was actually the first immigrant to be processed there. Today, Ellis Island is a museum and archive, part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.
Visitors to Ellis Island can experience their National Immigration Museum and Family History Center, which houses 65 million searchable immigration records. You might be able to find your family’s story amongst them.
The Tenement Museum
New York, N.Y.
Many immigrants to New York, like those who were processed through Ellis Island, would eventually wind up living in tenements. The Tenement Museum features two historic tenement buildings on the Lower East Side, with restored tenements representing different time periods and immigrant experiences. Learn about what life was like for immigrants of different cultural backgrounds from the 1860s to the 1980s. The museum also features neighborhood walking tours.
Boston Irish Famine Memorial
The Boston Irish Famine Memorial is a small statue park between Washington Street and School Street, featuring two statues and eight plaques that tell the story of the Great Hunger and Irish diaspora. The statues, by sculptor Robert Shure, depict two families: a hungry family in Ireland and a family of Irish immigrants who have found success in America.
John Boyle O’Reilly Memorial
John Boyle O’Reilly was a famous Irish writer and activist who made his home in Boston after escaping transportation to Australia in 1869. He had been transported for his ties to the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and continued his activism in Boston, where he became the editor of the newspaper “The Pilot.” He was known for his poetry, literature and journalism, and for popularizing the idea of Boston as an Irish cultural hub. His memorial, by sculptor Daniel Chester French, features a bronze bust of O’Reilly, as well as a bronze statue of Erin (the personification of Ireland) and her sons, Patriotism and Poetry.
John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
As the first Irish Catholic president, JFK has a special place in Irish-American culture. At the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, you can learn all about his life and legacy through exhibits that include the story of his youth, the presidential election, the space program, the oval office and first lady Jackie Kennedy.
Boston Irish Heritage Trail
There’s probably more Irish history in Boston than anywhere else in America, and the Boston Irish Heritage Trail is a great way to experience it. The trail is a self-guided walking tour, stretching over 3 miles and 300 years of history. You can visit the Boston landmarks mentioned above, as well as the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Garden, the Boston Massacre Memorial, the Boston Public Library, Fenway Park and more.
Rhode Island Irish Famine Memorial
The Rhode Island Irish Famine Memorial, also sculpted by Robert Shure, is a memorial wall and statue on Providence’s picturesque River Walk that commemorates the Great Hunger and the 1916 Easter Rising. It also features benches where visitors can reflect on the memorial, and the outlines of both Ireland and the United States on the walkway below.
The Museum of Newport Irish History
As you might have guessed, the Museum of Newport Irish History tells the story of the Irish immigrants who settled in Newport, as well as their descendants. Visitors can enjoy exhibits on how Irish immigrants lived, worked, prayed and played. They also offer self-guided walking tours of Irish landmarks in Newport.
Planting Site of the First White Potato
A humble plaque in front of the First Parish Church in East Derry, N.H., claims to be the planting site of the first white potato in North America. Potatoes were first cultivated in South America and transported to Europe, where they became a staple crop for peasants; however, it is believed that the first white potato in North America (also contemporarily known as the “Irish potato”) was planted in 1719 by Scots-Irish immigrants in this New Hampshire town.
Irish American Heritage Museum
The Irish American Heritage Museum explores the history, contributions and culture of Irish Americans. The museum has featured exhibits on the transformation of Samhain into Halloween, the Irish in the Adirondacks, Irish cooking, how to research your genealogy, the evolution of Irish dance costumes and so much more.
There are almost too many Irish memorials, museums and landmarks to mention in one article. What did we miss? Let us know in the comments below. Sláinte!