The Northeast is home to a plethora of great hiking spots for every skill level. But if you’ve never hiked before, hitting the trails might feel a bit intimidating. See how to prepare, dress and pack for your first hike with this list of tips and other hiking essentials for beginners.
Before Your Hike
Prior to your outing, take a couple of steps in advance to make the most of your hike later.
First, check the weather forecast. Not only will you want to know the temperature to decide how to dress, avoiding precipitation is key to a safer, less stressful hike.
Eat a hearty, healthy breakfast – or lunch, depending on when you plan to hike. You’ll want plenty of energy to get you through your trek.
Let someone (a family member, friend, neighbor, etc.) know where you’re going, especially if you’re heading out alone – just in case you get lost or injured during your hike.
If you plan to do a lot of hiking this season, consider taking a first aid or navigation course. The American Red Cross, Adirondack Mountain Club and Appalachian Mountain Club are all helpful sources.
Hiking Essentials for Beginners
The perfect list of hiking essentials varies from person to person, but these supplies are a good place to start.
Proper footwear is arguably the most important item for a hike. To find your perfect hiking shoes, consider your athletic ability, experience level and the type of hiking you’ll be doing.
If you have strong ankles, lightweight boots or trail-running shoes are sufficient, otherwise go for stiffer midweight hiking boots, according to the Appalachian Mountain Club.
Once you have a type of shoe in mind, you’ll want to make sure the fit is right.
“Your heel should be locked in place inside the boot to prevent blister-causing friction, and there should be minimal extra space around your foot (although you should be able to wiggle your toes freely),” according to the Appalachian Mountain Club.
Pro tip: It’s best to break in new shoes before going on a longer hike.
Staying hydrated is essential during a hike. Have at least one quart (4 cups/32 ounces) of water for each person on your trip.
Also, consider a way to purify more water in case of an emergency. Squeeze-style or pump filters take up some room and require a bit of effort to use but are better for groups and/or longer trips. Certain bottles – like the GRAYL GeoPress and Katadyn BeFree – come with filters, making them a good backup for solo treks.
See this guide for information on boiling water, chemical treatments and using ultraviolet light to kill microorganisms and purify water.
Bug repellants come in many forms, including sprays, lotions, oils and wipes. Each has their own pros and cons, so choose which best suits your needs. Four of the most common ingredients in bug repellants are DEET, picaridin, permethrin and oil of lemon eucalyptus.
DEET and picaridin are effective against biting insects by hiding your scent. Both can be used on the skin and clothing. DEET offers a few more hours of protection by comparison but will damage plastics and certain clothes, can come off as you sweat and feels greasy to some people. Picaridin is odorless and non-greasy.
Permethrin should not be applied to your skin. Being an insecticide, permethrin kills mosquitoes and other bugs that come in contact with it. “Use 0.5% permethrin to treat clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks and tents) or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear,” according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Oil of lemon eucalyptus is moderately effective compared to the others but is more natural. It’s the most effective and long-lasting plant-derived formula; however, some products shouldn’t be used on children under three, according to the EPA.
Always use bug-repellant products as directed, and try wearing long sleeves and pants for another layer of protection. For more information about insect repellants, see this EPA guide or use their search tool to find your preferred bug repellant.
Fit Aid Kit
You can buy a pre-assembled first aid kit or create your own.
Either way, make sure you have these essentials: antibiotic ointment, hydrocortisone cream, bandages, gauze, adhesive tape and adhesive padding (like moleskin) to treat cuts/scrapes, bug bites/stings and blisters. You’ll also want supplies to treat a sprain, like ACE bandages and a pain reliver/inflammation reducer, like ibuprofen.
To complete your first aid kit, consider a pair of scissors – to cut gauze, moleskin, etc. – and a whistle to alert others if you’re ever in trouble.
Bring along some calorie-dense foods to keep you feeling full and energized during your hike.
Nuts and seeds – like almonds, peanuts, walnuts and sunflower seeds – and nut butters are lightweight and packed with protein. Dried fruits and berries, like banana chips, dried cherries and raisins, along with dark chocolate, have a good amount of calories and will satisfy a sweet tooth. Put it all together to make a trail mix.
When dressing for a hike, layering is a great way to stay warm or cool off.
Wear or bring a hat, like a baseball cap to block the sun or a beanie to keep your head and ears warm. Also, have an extra pair of socks, in case your feet get too damp with sweat or you sustain an injury.
“Good hiking socks wick moisture away from your skin and provide padding for your feet,” according to Appalachian Mountain Club. You should avoid cotton, and go for a mix of materials, like acrylic, nylon, polyester and polypropylene (or olefin). These synthetic fibers dry quickly and add durability.
Finally, consider a light jacket to combat a chilly breeze or sudden shower. A water resistant nylon windbreaker is lightweight and will keep your dry for a short period of time. A waterproof jacket will keep you drier, but will likely be heavier as well.
You’ll also want to protect your skin and eyes from the sun’s harmful rays.
Go for sunglasses that feel comfortable sitting on your face and ears while offering ultraviolet protection. When it comes to sunscreen or suntan lotion, the FDA recommends using a broad-spectrum SPF 15 sunscreen for protection, but the American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
Sun protection clothing and lip balm are other supplies worth consideration.
Navigation tools like a map and compass are trustworthy and essential – you don’t have to worry about batteries dying or losing a signal. Always carry a map of the trail; if you take a picture of it on your smartphone, you’ll be able to call up the map on your camera roll even if there’s no cell service.
For an added level of security, consider a separate GPS device or personal locator beacon.
Light and Heat
In case clouds roll in or sunset comes faster than you were excepting, consider bringing a light source. A simple flashlight – separate from the one on your phone – or a headlamp, to keep your hands free, will do.
A lighter, waterproof matches and/or fire starter are other helpful tools. They’ll offer light and the ability to make a fire, if needed.
Some additional tools you might want to consider for your hike are a knife, multipurpose tool and/or duct tape. A multipurpose tool will help you repair to your sunglasses, cut a piece of gauze, pull out a splinter and more.
You might also want to bring some emergency shelter. A tarp, Bivy bag or emergency blanket are all good options – and a heavy-duty garbage bag will do in a pinch.
Even if you’re planning for a secluded hike, don’t forget your COVID-19 protection. You never know who you’ll run into or how crowded the trails will be. Bring along some travel-size hand sanitizer and/or disinfectant wipes and a spare face mask.
Last, but certainly not least, you’ll need a way to carry all your hiking supplies. A backpack is the perfect method.
You’ll want a pack with comfortable straps, plenty of pockets and a loop/key ring or two for a carabiner and/or your safety whistle, hand sanitizer, etc.
Pro tip: Bring a trash bag to keep garbage away from the rest of your supplies.
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Are you going hiking this season? Tell us about it in the comments.