When you retire, do you hope to travel, spend time with family and just relax? Turning those retirement plans into a reality involves major decisions that can determine your financial trajectory for years to come.
Research suggests people who work with a financial advisor feel more at ease about their finances and could end up with about 15% more money to spend in retirement.1
A recent Vanguard study found that, on average, a hypothetical $500K investment would grow to over $3.4 million under the care of an advisor over 25 years, whereas the expected value from self-management would be $1.69 million, or 50% less. In other words, an advisor-managed portfolio would average 8% annualized growth over a 25-year period, compared to 5% from a self-managed portfolio.2
SmartAsset’s no-cost tool simplifies the time-consuming process of finding a financial advisor. A short questionnaire helps match you with up to three fiduciary financial advisors, each legally bound to work in your best interest. The whole process takes just a few minutes, and in many cases you can be connected instantly with an expert for a free retirement consultation.
Advisors are rigorously screened through our proprietary due diligence process.
Being aware of these seven common blunders when planning for retirement can help you find peace of mind and avoid years of stress.
7 Crucial Retirement Planning Mistakes
Taking Social Security Too Early
If you want your maximum Social Security benefits, you’ll need to work until your “full retirement” age.
But benefits at age 62, 66 or 67 are not your maximum benefits. The maximum Social Security retirement benefit kicks in at age 70. If you claim before, you’re not getting your full entitlement.
Each year after full retirement, your payout increases by a certain percentage based on specific criteria. To maximize on this strategy, we recommend holding off until you are 70 – if your situation allows. Payments will be the highest possible, increasing by 8% each year you wait.
While this strategy will help you collect the highest Social Security benefit, every situation is different. Consult a financial advisor to figure out how and when Social Security benefits should factor into your unique retirement plan.
Borrowing Against Your Retirement (Unless It’s an Emergency)
If you find yourself strapped for cash, taking out a 401(k) loan might be your only option. However, a 401(k) loan shouldn’t be the first place you look for extra money.
While any interest you pay on the loan is paid back into the account, you also have to consider the opportunity cost of missing out on market returns while the money is absent from the account. You also run the risk of having to pay income taxes and withdrawal penalties if you’re unable to pay it back within five years or before leaving your job.
Always speak with a financial advisor before considering this option. You can get matched with up to three fiduciary financial advisors using this free tool. Fiduciaries are legally obligated to work in your best interest.
Tapping Into Your 401(k) or IRA Before Required Minimum Distributions
You can start withdrawing money from your 401(k) when you turn 59 1/2, but that doesn’t mean it’s a good idea. The law doesn’t require you to start taking RMDs until you turn 72, so this is time your money can keep growing with compound interest. Consider using other income streams first.
Tapping Into Your Roth Before Exhausting Other Options
If possible, put off withdrawing money from your Roth IRA as long as possible. You paid taxes up front so you can take money out of your Roth IRA and it won’t count as taxable income.
Your Roth IRA also will continue to grow tax-free as you tap into your other accounts. Since a Roth IRA holds after-tax funds and the IRS doesn’t need to tax it again, you also don’t need to take Required Minimum Distributions. This account can keep growing for as long as you don’t touch it.
Hiring an Advisor Who Is Not a Fiduciary
By definition, a fiduciary is an individual who is ethically bound to act in another person’s best interest.
All of the financial advisors on SmartAsset’s matching platform are registered or chartered fiduciaries. If your advisor is not a fiduciary and constantly pushes investment products on you, use this no-cost tool to find an advisor who has a legal obligation to act in your best interest.
Not Considering Your Spouse’s Social Security Benefits
You can delay claiming your own Social Security benefits and reap half of your partner’s payout if your marriage (current or not) has lasted a minimum of 10 years (although several conditions apply). This can be beneficial if your spouse was a higher earner, since the calculation for spousal benefits will be based on the spouse’s salary. Widows and widowers are also able to benefit from a spouse whose earnings were higher.
Planning for Retirement on Your Own
It goes without saying that planning for retirement is extremely important and incredibly unique for every single one of us. Making the most informed financial decisions as early as possible can help reap huge benefits down the road. Short-sighted, emotion-driven investment decisions can lock in losses, not to mention the complicated tax implications of investing over the long term.
Financial advisors are well-versed in retirement planning and can help you determine where to invest, when to elect your benefits, what order to withdraw funds and how to best avoid tax traps.
Chances are, there are several highly qualified financial advisors in your town. However, it can seem daunting to choose one.
Our no-cost tool makes it easy to find a vetted advisor so you can make an informed decision, compare, and choose the right one for you.
1. Journal of Retirement Study Winter (2020). The projections or other information regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results, and are not guarantees of your future results. Please follow the link to see the methodologies employed in the Journal of Retirement study.
2. Vanguard (Feb. 2019), Putting a Value on Your Value. The projections or other information regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results, and are not guarantees of your future results. Please follow the link to see the methodologies employed in the Vanguard whitepaper. To receive a copy of the whitepaper, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.